Phenol Formaldehyde Resin is a colorless or yellowish-brown transparent synthetic solid resin, excellent in heat resistance, flame resistance, water resistance and insulation, good acid resistance, poor alkali resistance, good mechanical and electrical properties, easy to cut. By adding different components during synthesis, modified phenolic resins with different functions can be obtained, which have different excellent properties, such as alkali resistance, abrasion resistance, oil resistance, corrosion resistance, etc.
Phenolic resin is synthesized from phenol and formaldehyde. It offers excellent mechanical properties, flame retardancy, flexibility, low cost, high thermal stability, and water & chemical resistance. All such attractive attributes have made it the material of choice in industries ranging from automotive, aerospace, and construction to electronics, industrial tools, paints, and coatings. Phenolic resins are used to make laminates, insulation panels, laminated paper, and waterproof adhesives & paints.
Phenolic resins are considered a very important class of adhesives as they are quite inexpensive and are available in both liquid formulations and films. In addition, the phenolic resin can withstand high temperatures with minimal deformation and when cured, it maintains its structural integrity. For instance, vinyl phenolic adhesives are a blend of phenolic resin and polyvinyl butyral resins. It shows high shear strength and has found use as a structural adhesive in the aerospace industry.
In the global phenolic resin industry, increase in demand for abrasive materials and coatings in the automotive sector is key to the growth factor.Moreover, the future use of phenolic resin-based components in electric vehicle designs is expected to offer fresh opportunities for the phenolic resin market growth. Furthermore, the growth has increased demand for automotive components that make use of phenolic resins. Phenolic resins are blended with other materials to form a modified phenolic adhesive that is used in the automotive industry.In automotive end uses, phenolic resins are also used in making automotive tires, metal coatings, and seals.
In addition, the rise in demand from the electronics and power industry for phenolic laminate drives the global phenolic resin market. Growth in population and industrialization is expected to increase demand for transformers and electronic appliances.This means more phenolic resins are used for producing laminates.
The use of phenolic resin is rising rapidly in various applications such as friction materials, casting resins, refractory materials, molding compounds, foam plastics and other applications, as well as future high-performance coatings, inks, rubber tire additives, oilfield additives, polymer magnetic materials, shale gas resins, missile materials, new Application in new fields such as carbon materials. With the increasing application of phenolic resin in various applications, the market demand for phenolic resin is increasing.